Ce este ortodonția?
Orthodontics is a branch of the dentistry that aims to correct the positioning of the tooth with braces.
Who needs orthodontics?
Any patient whose teeth are positioned incorrectly needs orthodontics. In some case the treatment has two phases (during childhood and adolescence).
How is it done?
The braces are needed to correct the functionality and the aspect of the teeth and of the bite (occlusion). If the occlusion is incorrect, it can affect on long term the general health of the teeth and gums. Basically, the wrong bite can affect the health of the teeth, the gums, the temporomandibular joint, causing cavities, aggravating paradontosis, leading to joint pain, gum retraction and a limited opening of the mouth
When is it done?
First of all, the patient needs to visit the stomatologist for an individualized treatment plan. The first consultation offers the patient information about the treatment and the caused leading to this anomaly. The next visit will focus on X-rays, on getting the dental moulage of the dental arches and interpreting them. Then the stomatologist will present the treatment plan, its duration and the options the patient has. On a future visit, the dental brackets (or the coloured modules of the transparent arches) are put in place. The patient needs to visit the stomatologist monthly to get the brackets adjusted.
How many types of appliances are there?
The dental appliances can be mobile, functional and fixed.
The mobile one is recommended for correcting mal-occlusion from 6-13 years. The functional appliance can be removed by the patient at the doctor’s advices as it is not fixed to the teeth.
The fixed appliances or braces are designed for teen-agers and adults and is indicated for the majority of orthodontic problems. From the esthetical point of view there are sapphire appliances (less visible) or even invisible, (they are fixed on the interior part of the teeth or transparent).
The duration of the orthodontic treatment
It can take from 6 months to 2-3 years, varying on the complexity of the case, on how well the patient responds to the treatment and to the activations sessions.
How unpleasant is it to wear appliances?
When applying the braces, the patient is uncomfortable because teeth are not used to the pressure of the brackets and there is pain that can be eliminated with painkillers. Also the lips, jaws and cheeks might have irritations.
The oral hygiene will be different, but essential to the success of this treatment. The patient needs to brush his teeth at least twice a day, with the regular and inter-dental toothbrush, and for an easier cleaning process flossing and mouth wash liquid are recommended.
What happens after ending the orthodontic treatment?
After finishing the treatment, there is a need for maintaining the results, as the patient needs to wear a retainer appliance during the night for 6 months or a year.
How much does an orthodontic appliance cost?
This type of treatment is very complex as it involved high quality materials, a lot of sessions and consultations that aim to monitor the progress of the treatment. So the costs are high enough, but if the patient wishes to be less visible or even invisible it is really expensive.